June 20, 2024


The Internet Generation

The best US cities for remote software developers

The COVID-19 pandemic has reshaped numerous people’s angle toward work, from embracing bigger flexibility to an evolving partnership with the physical workspace.

For software program developers specifically—who are inclined to be capable to function wherever they have an world-wide-web link robust more than enough to open up an IDE and Slack—location is getting to be fewer crucial than excellent of lifetime.

Exactly where the most gifted US-centered software engineers would formerly have to relocate to cities like San Francisco, Seattle, or New York for the very best options, a new established of rising hubs is speedily earning up floor in conditions of excellent of lifetime and over-all earning prospective.

“As much more organizations shifted to distant or hybrid functioning types, we experienced commenced to see considerably improving upon candidate performance outside of the additional-recognized tech hubs,” wrote Patrick Wu, a details analyst at specialized hiring professional Karat, in a website submit.

Developers go from San Francisco, Seattle, and New York

In accordance to a current analyze by Karat—which assesses technological candidates dependent on a how very likely they are to go an interview—while all those major a few US tech hubs however have the maximum concentration of program engineering expertise nowadays, towns like Pittsburgh, Atlanta, and Portland, Oregon, are rapidly placing them selves on the map for hiring supervisors.

For instance, fintech large Stripe is now using the services of 74% of all new joiners (not just developers) from outdoors of the San Francisco Bay Location and Seattle, up from 39% in the first quarter of 2019, according to CEO Patrick Collison.

Likewise, Cloudflare has viewed its San Francisco workplace shrink in 2021, as 90% of new hires occur from outside the house the Bay Region, according to CEO Matthew Prince. “I consider the price at which the tech marketplace is heading international is continue to underappreciated, and that this will be a major tailwind for the world over the following 10 years,” Collison tweeted.

“The area to be was Silicon Valley. It feels like now the place to be is the web (which is all over the place). I expect this development to only speed up,” Airbnb founder Brian Chesky tweeted in reaction to Collison. Chesky is at the moment working his individual grand particular experiment of doing work out of different Airbnb homes every few of months.

Whilst revenue is continue to the good motivator for developers seeking a new part, with 65% prioritizing much better compensation when switching roles, flexibility is the most crucial component for 65% of builders thinking about whether or not to keep in their present role, trumping even salary at 59%, in accordance to examination by developer hub Stack Overflow.

“The increase of remote do the job, even right before the pandemic, planted the seeds that are now bearing fruit in the variety of the developer exodus: Developers fatigued by corporate hierarchies, prolonged commutes, high-priced metropolitan areas, and corrosive enterprise cultures have been shifting to distant self-work for a ten years,” wrote Eira Might in a Stack Overflow blog write-up.

The new US remote tech hubs for developers

For much more software package engineers, like AWS principal engineer Jaana Dogan, the pandemic-pushed change to distant doing the job has opened up a total new established of possibilities concerning where they pick out to reside.

“It’s a candidate’s sector at the moment and they have much more electricity than at any time,” Karat cofounder Jeff Spector told InfoWorld.

“The joke about every single using the services of conversation ending in “must relocate to San Francisco” just is not correct any more,” wrote RedMonk analyst James Governor in a blog site publish. “These modifications had been set in put just before the pandemic. Now they’re in stone. We’re not heading again to the world’s elite program engineers all living in just one town.”

These trends are evidently driving a shift to secondary tech hubs and further than as distant work is getting to be the norm for engineers. So, in which are they going?


With a 40% pass rate, Karat’s leading-ranking secondary town for selecting distant software package engineers is Pittsburgh. An superb pool of laptop or computer science graduates, low-priced lease, and below-normal residing prices make Pittsburgh a highly eye-catching area for corporations to source remote engineering expertise.

Pittsburgh has a value of residing index of 81, which is group-sourced by Numbeo and calculated relative to New York Town, which would rating 100. For context, San Francisco has a price tag of residing index of 94 and Seattle 89.

California beyond the Bay

Although California continues to be a tech expertise very hot place, the map is growing further than just the San Francisco Bay Space into metropolitan areas like Los Angeles, San Diego, and even scaled-down communities like San Luis Obispo, Lake Tahoe, and throughout the border into Oregon.

Both equally Los Angeles and San Diego saw their regular pass fees on Karat soar noticeably more than the earlier yr, now standing at 40% and 29%, respectively. Terrific temperature, a escalating tech scene, and a value of dwelling index beneath 80 make both metropolitan areas powerful solutions to the Bay Place. Software developers’ salaries are on the higher facet also, averaging $86,500 in L.A. and $81,500 in San Diego, according to Payscale.


Despite its historic role in the hardware facet of the tech market, many thanks in section to providers like Compaq, Texas Devices, and Dell, there has been a great deal produced lately of the Longhorn State’s burgeoning situation as a fashionable tech hub, specially following Elon Musk’s selection to transfer the Tesla headquarters there from California in 2021.

Currently, the Karat examine reveals that irrespective of some major tech providers and executives relocating to Texas throughout the pandemic, Texas has not observed a important uptick in its typical technological job interview go price, suggesting there hasn’t been a flood of new developer expertise to towns like Houston and Austin.

Thanks to the deficiency of condition cash flow tax and small rents, people metropolitan areas do have a distinct price tag of living benefit about other cities shown below, with Houston at 65 and Austin at 67 on the Numbeo index, and salaries normal $72,000 in Houston and $77,000 in Austin, according to Payscale.

Portland, Oregon

Coming in fourth on Karat’s rankings with a 40% pass price, Portland, Oregon, has obviously benefited from the migration of tech workers from the Bay Area. The town and its suburbs like Beaverton and Hillsboro could possibly be ideal acknowledged as the home of sporting activities brand Nike, but the Silicon Forest also has deep tech roots, with computing pioneers Sequent, InFocus, and Planar established there and big tech companies Hewlett-Packard, Tektronix, and Epson with many years-previous analysis and production arms.

Currently, Portland continue to offers a substantial know-how sector, a value of living index of 78, and ordinary developer salaries of $75,000, in accordance to Payscale.


A 36% pass rate on Karat, great universities, a cost of living index of 77, common salaries of $75,500, and a highly various population make Atlanta a promising location for hiring remote engineers. This has been mirrored by significant investments in the metropolis from tech firms like Airbnb and Google.


House to some of the greatest universities in the planet, Boston was America’s to start with tech hub, with Route 128 giants like Electronic Tools, MITRE, Data Common, Raytheon, and EMC. It then fell into disfavor as California’s Silicon Valley ascended very first in pc engineering and then in software package engineering, but that is transforming as developer jobs have proliferated in larger Boston.

The metropolis has a respectable 31% move price on Karat, but with a price of living index of 86, Boston isn’t a great deal more cost-effective than the West Coast tech hubs or New York. This is mirrored in the average developer salaries, nevertheless, which are substantial at $88,000, according to Payscale.

Other remote developer hubs

Of system, these are not the only cities exactly where excellent program engineering talent can be observed. Florida, in particular Miami, is immediately getting to be a hub for action about crypto and World wide web3 enhancement, and Nashville, Denver, and Charlotte, North Carolina, have all found substantial influxes in tech talent considering the fact that the pandemic.

But genuinely, any place in the planet is now a feasible selection for a lot of application builders. “Great expertise is everywhere and men and women are commencing to wake up to that,” Karat’s Spector mentioned.

Never depend out the traditional tech hubs

Even now, never underestimate the allure of the major tech hubs like the San Francisco Bay Area. Despite Pittsburgh’s appeal, one new College of Pittsburgh graduate, Zhengming Wang, will not be keeping in Pittsburgh soon after he graduates with a bachelor of science in laptop or computer science.

Owning grown up just exterior of Philadelphia, and following receiving a flavor for the environment of perform through internships at software program providers Qualtrics and Gusto, Wang is completely ready to spread his wings outside of Pennsylvania thanks to a career supply at tiny program startup Retool, which is based mostly in San Francisco.

“[At Gusto] I was in the office a couple of periods a week, based on the commute,” he explained. “I liked heading into the workplace, remaining around individuals, and having individuals serendipitous conversations. Personally, I would want to do the job somewhere with that hybrid option.”

Despite the extra price tag of dwelling, graduates like Wang see the prolonged-term possibility expense of not remaining in a important tech hub as way too higher to move up. “San Francisco is still special and I browse about Pittsburgh or Austin getting the upcoming tech town, but I really don’t see it,” Wang reported. “Pittsburgh is nonetheless fairly blue-collar and doesn’t have that feeling of staying a tech hub like the Bay Location does. It does not have the very same startup scene San Francisco does.”

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